(Gr. baptisma , from baptizoµ “to dip,” “to immerse.”) The Christian ceremony of initiation, traditionally either by immersion, pouring, or sprinkling. Seventh-day Adventists “belive in baptism by immersion,” and that baptism “typifies the death, burial, and resurrection of Christ, and openly expresses faith in His saving grace and the renunciation of sin and the world, and is recognized as a condition of entrance into church membership” ( Church Manual [1990], pp. 42, 182). Accordingly, baptism is administered only to those who have reached an age of accountability. It “is usually conducted by an ordained minister, but in his absence the local church elder may officiate,” only, however, with the approval of the conference president ( Manual for Ministers [1992], p. 84...

From the Seventh-day Adventist Encyclopedia. Published with permission from the Review and Herald Publishing Association.