Literally, “holy place”; in the OT , the center of public worship for the Hebrew nation. At first this was the tabernacle erected by Moses in the wilderness ( Ex. 25:40 ), and later the Temple built by Solomon on Mount Moriah ( 1 Chron. 28:10–20 ), and, following the Babylonian exile, the second Temple. The sanctuary was God’s dwelling place among His people. The Mosaic tabernacle and its animal sacrifices and priestly ministry were “a figure for the time then present” that pointed forward to Christ, “who was once offered to bear the sins of many” and who became “an high priest of good things to come,” in “a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands” ( Heb. 9:9 , 11 , 28 ). “Jesus Christ was the foundation of the whole Jewish economy. . . . The whol...

From the Seventh-day Adventist Encyclopedia. Published with permission from the Review and Herald Publishing Association.