Spiritism / Spiritualism

The belief and practice of communication with the spirits, supposedly of the dead; a modern movement that began with the Fox sisters in 1848. Early Seventh-day Adventist writings denounce the “Rochester rappings” or “spirit manifestations,” but not until the 1850s do they refer to this movement as “what is called Spiritualism, or Spirit Manifestations” ( Review and Herald 4:58, Aug. 28, 1853; cf. ibid. 4:34, July 21, 1853). Seventh-day Adventists are effectively protected against spiritism by their belief in the natural mortality of humans and their insensate, unconscious state in death. The law of Moses strictly forbade attempts to communicate with the dead through spirit mediums: “Regard not them that have familiar spirits, neither seek after wizards, to be defiled by them...

From the Seventh-day Adventist Encyclopedia. Published with permission from the Review and Herald Publishing Association.